Association between hyperglycemia and post-exodontia complications in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a prevalent chronic metabolic disorder worldwide, with Type II DM (T2DM) emerging as the most widespread variant. In Chile, approximately 11% of adults aged 20 to 79 suffer from this condition. Given its high prevalence, dental surgeons should be trained to evaluate risk factors, particularly the potential complications linked to tooth extraction in individuals with T2DM.
Objetive: To describe the available scientific evidence on post-exodontia complications associated with hyperglycemia in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: An exploratory systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA-ScR extension protocols using the databases PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus and the Cochrane Library. The search employed the following algorithms: ((“Diabetic patient complications” AND “Dental extractions”)), ((“Diabetes” AND “tooth extraction”)), ((“Glycemia” AND “Tooth extraction complications”), ((“Blood glucose” AND “Tooth extractions”), ((“Dental extraction sockets” AND “Diabetics”).
Results: Out of a total of 973 articles, 25 were included for this review. Six relevance criteria were considered, revealing safety parameters for conducting extractions in patients with T2DM, with capillary blood glucose levels not exceeding 200 mg/dL for elective extractions and 240 mg/dL for emergency extractions.
Conclusions: There is limited evidence correlating threshold values of hyperglycemia with post-extraction complications in patients with T2DM. Most authors agree that the primary concern is not T2DM itself, but hyperglycemia. Furthermore, there is minimal consistency in the recommended care protocols for these patients.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Tooth extraction; Complications post-exodontia; Surgery, oral; Hyperglycemia; Review.

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Published
2024-05-06
How to Cite
OLIVARES, Ignacio et al. Association between hyperglycemia and post-exodontia complications in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 75-85, may 2024. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2024.007>. Date accessed: 18 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2024.007.