Evaluation of pain perception on periodontal probing in patients with dental plaque induced gingivitis and chronic periodontitis - A cross sectional study, Part I.

  • Balachandran Ashwath Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
  • Durai Aishwarya Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
  • Elumalai Agila Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
  • Muthukali Shanmugam Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
  • Vijayarangan Anitha Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
  • Muthiah Meenakshi Department of Periodontology, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

Background: Probing of periodontal pockets is an essential part in the diagnosis of periodontal disease. Fifteen to seventy seven percent of untreated periodontal patients experience pain during probing. Hence the aim of this study is to evaluate the pain perceived by patients with gingivitis and periodontitis during periodontal probing. The goals of this study were to compare the patients’ pain perception when using a conventional UNC15 probe and a manual pressure sensitive periodontal probe, and to relate the clinical features of gingivitis and periodontitis to the discomfort associated with periodontal probing.
Material and Methods: A total of 475 subjects were recruited into the study. The subjects were initially divided into two groups – Group – A (Gingivitis group - 275 patients) and Group – B (Chronic Periodontitis group -200 patients) according to the AAP 1999 Classification. These two groups were further subdivided into two groups each (Gingivitis – Conventional Probe – GCP, Gingivitis – Manual Pressure Sensitive Probe – GMPS, Periodontitis - Conventional Probe – PCP, Periodontitis – Manual Pressure Sensitive Probe – PMPS) using a computer generated program of random numbers.
Results: A significant difference was noted in pain perception when pressure sensitive probe was used compared to conventional UNC-15 probe. Reduced Bleeding on Probing and Pain scores were noted in Chronic periodontitis subjects with use of pressure sensitive probe, which was statistically significant (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Dentistry has changed its focus towards painless dentistry. In this context, the present study presents data towards use of manual pressure sensitive probes , which offers an advantage of low cost when compared to more advanced computerized systems with reduced pain during periodontal examination. It could result in a positive attitude of the patients towards continuous supportive periodontal therapy thereby monitoring periodontal health.

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Published
2022-07-22
How to Cite
ASHWATH, Balachandran et al. Evaluation of pain perception on periodontal probing in patients with dental plaque induced gingivitis and chronic periodontitis - A cross sectional study, Part I.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 4, p. 1-13, july 2022. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2022.034>. Date accessed: 29 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2022.034.
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