Factors related to the presence of dental erosion and abrasion in Peruvian adults.


 Introduction: Non-carious lesions are an oral health pro-blem in adults, consequently it is necessary to create mechanisms for their diagnosis and prevention. Objective: To determine the frequency of erosion, abrasion and related factors in patients treated at a university dental clinic. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 153 adults treated at a university clinic in Lima, Peru, in 2018. Personal aspects (age, sex, characteristics of saliva), dietary factors, health condition, oral habits, and tooth brushing were identified. The presence of abrasion was determined according to clinical criteria through direct observation. Erosion was identified using the Basic Erosive Wear index. Generalized linear models with Poisson distribution with robust variances were used. Results: The frequency of dental abrasion (70.6%) is higher than erosion (26.1%). The presence of erosion is associated with asthma (PR= 2.11), abrasion is related to age and poor dental hygiene habits (PR= 1.67 and 1.30, respectively). Conclusion: The presence of dental abrasion is greater than dental erosion. Age and poor dental habits are factors associated with tooth abrasion. The characteristics of saliva regarding pH and salivary flow were within normal p-values.


[1]. Zuza A, Racic M, Ivkovic N, Krunic J, Stojanovic N, Bozovic D, et al. Prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions among the general population of the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Inter Dent J. 2019;69(4):281-8.

[2]. Rusu A, Popescu MR, Dragomir LP, Popescu DM, Arsenie CC, Rauten AM. Identifying the Etiological Factors Involved in the Occurrence of Non-Carious Lesions. Curr Health Sci J. 2019;45(2):227-34.

[3]. Sengupta. A. Dental Erosion: Etiology, Diagnosis and Management. Acta Sci Dent Sci. 2018; 2(11) : 43-8.

[4]. Cruz da Silva ET, Gadelha Vasconcelos R, Gadelha Vasconcelos M. Lesiones cervicales no cariosas: consideraciones etiológicas, clínicas y terapéuticas. Rev Cubana Estomatol. 2019;56(4).

[5]. Stru?ycka I, Lussi A, Bogus?awska-Kapa?a A, Rusyan E. Prevalence of erosive lesions with respect to risk factor in a Young adult population in Poland-cross sectional study. Clin Oral Invest. 2017;21(7) :2179-2203.

[6]. Picos A, Badea ME, Dumitrascu DL. Dental erosion in gastro-esophageal reflux disease. A systematic review. Clujul Med. 2018;91(4):387-90.

[7]. Okunseri C,Wong MC, Yau DT, McGrath C, Szabo A. The relationship between consumption of beverages and tooth wear among adults in the Unites States. J Public Health Dent. 2015;75(4):274-81.

[8]. Enam F, Mursalat M, Guha U, Aich N, Anik MI, Nisha N, Khan MS. Dental erosion potential of beverages and bottled drinking water in Bangladesh. Int J Food Prop 2016: 20(11), 2499–2510.

[9]. Ruilova C, León D, Tay L. Potencial erosivo de jugos naturales, jugos industrializados y gaseosas: Revisión de Literatura. Rev Estomatol Herediana. 2018; 28(1):56-63.

[10]. Coutinho A, Mendes W, VillasF, de QueirósJ, Márcio P, BernadonJ, VilelaE, Noncarious cervical lesions: from etiology to treatment. Rev Bras Odontol. 2018;75:e114.

[11]. Rath SK, Sharma V, Pratap C B, Chaturvedi T P. Abrasivity of dentrifices: An update. SRM J Res Dent Sci.2016;7:96-100.

[12]. Cunibertti N, Rossi H. Lesiones cervicales no cariosas. La lesión dental del futuro. Editorial Médica Panamericana. 1ra. Edición. 2009.

[13]. Ruiz H, Herrera A, Gamboa J Lesiones dentales no cariosas en pacientes atendidos en la Clínica Estomatológica Siboney. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd. 2018; 37(2):46-53.

[14]. Gonçalves M, Briso ALF, Pini NIP, Moda MD, Parpinelli de Oliveira R, Santos PHD, Fagundes TC.Effects of dentifrices on mechanical resistance of dentin and restorative materials after erosion and abrasion. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater.2019;97(1):7-12.

[15]. Lippert F, Arrageg MA, Eckert GJ, Hara AT. Interaction between toothpaste abrasivity and toothbrush filament stiffness on the development of erosive/abrasive lesions in vitro. Int Dent J. 2017;67(6):344–50.

[16]. Baumann T, Kozik J, Lussi A, Carvalho TS. Erosion protection conferred by whole human saliva, dialysed saliva, and artificial saliva. Sci. Rep.2016; 6(1): 34760.

[17]. Carbone Z, C,González, M, Martínez, S La saliva: una mirada hacia el diagnóstico / Saliva: a look on diagnosis.Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol . 2016; 55(2): 39-43.

[18]. Marro F, Fernandez C, Martens L, Jacquet W, Marks L. Erosive tooth Wear in special Olympic athletes with intellectual disabilities. BMC Oral Health. 2019 Feb 28;19(1):37.

[19]. Skalsky M, Grindeford M • Carlstedt K. Dental erosion, prevalence and risk factors among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2018; 19(1):23–31

[20]. Li J, Fan W, Lu Y, Xuan D, Liu Z, Huang S, Zhang J. A survey on the prevalence and risk indicators of erosive tooth wear among adolescents in Guangzhou, South China.J Oral Rehabil. 2019;46(6):493-502.

[21]. Meazza D, Anziliero G, Alvez da Silva H, Haerter dos Santos L ,l Kappaun D. Erosive potential of sports beverages on human enamel “in vitro”. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2018; 24(5): 386-90.

[22]. Sugita I. Nakashima S. Ikeda A. Burrow F. Nikaido T. Kubo S. Tagami Junji, Sumi Y. A pilot study to assess the morphology and progression of non-carious cervical lesions. J Dent. 2017; 57(1):51-6.

[23]. Soares PV, Grippo JO. Noncarious Cervical Lesions and Cervical Dentin Hypersensitivity?: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Hanover Park, IL: International Quintessence Publishing Group; 2017.

[24]. Peumans M, Politano G, Van Meerbeek B. Treatment of noncarious cervical lesions: when, why, and how. Int J Esthet Dent. 2020;15(1):16-42.

[25]. Ocampo SH, Wong SJ. Prevalencia de abrasión, erosión, atrición y abfracción en pacientes adultos atendidos en centro de salud Manuel Cardozo:Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana;2013.

[26]. Ocampo A, Johnson N, Lema M. Hábitos orales comunes: revisión de literatura. Parte I.Rev.Nac.Odontol.2013.9 (ed.especial) :83-90.

[27]. Bartlett D, Ganss C, Lussi A. Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE): a new scoring system for scientific and clinical needs. Clin Oral Investig. 2008; 12(1): 65–8.

[28]. Costa L, Guerra E, De Souza L, Pinheiro L. Abrasión dentaria y abfracción: Revisión de literatura. Acta odontológica venezolana.2015; 53(2).

[29]. Rodríguez H, Hernández Y, González C. Lesiones cervicales no cariosas en pacientes del área de salud "Eléctrico", municipio Arroyo Naranjo, 2015. Rev Cubana Estomatol. 2016; 53(4): 188-97.

[30]. Mazumdar P, Chowdhury D,Chatterjee S, Jajoo N .Effect of four different dentifrices applied by customized automated brushing device on enamel surface abrasion: An in vitro profilometric study. Conserv Dent. 2019; 22(2):191-5.

[31]. Llena Puy Carmen. La saliva en el mantenimiento de la salud oral y como ayuda en el diagnóstico de algunas patologías. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2006; 11(5): 449-55.

[32]. Arafa A, Aldahlawi S, Fathi A. Assessment of the oral health status of asthmatic children. Eur J Dent 2017;11(3) :357-63.
How to Cite
EVARISTO-CHIYONG, Teresa et al. Factors related to the presence of dental erosion and abrasion in Peruvian adults.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. 1-9, aug. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2021.050>. Date accessed: 18 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.050.