Association between self-reported bruxism and academic performance in university students.

  • Cynthia Huañec-Paucar Programa de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC).
  • Valery Ayma-León Programa de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC).
  • Stefany Caballero-García Coordinación de Innovación y Evaluación, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC).

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association between self-reported bruxism and academic performance in students at a university in Lima, Peru. Material and Methods: A total of 203 students were evaluated in this study, between the ages of 19 and 35 years. Self-reported bruxism was measured using the Bruxism Assessment Questionnaire. Academic performance was evaluated using the Approval Index Scale. In addition, other variables were included such as employment status, socioeconomic level, stress, anxiety, among others. The association of variables were factored in using the chi-square test and the logistic regression presented the unadjusted and adjusted analisis. Results: The frequency of self-reported awake bruxism and sleep bruxism was 53.20% and 36.45%, respectively. Evidence revealed there was a statistically significant association between awake bruxism with stress and anxiety, and sleep bruxism with anxiety. Students with high academic performance (OR=2.36; IC del 95%:1.06-5.23) and low academic performance (OR=5.72; IC del 95%:1.28-25.57) were found to be more likely to have awake bruxism than those with medium academic performance. Conclusion: This study revealed a statistically significant association between self-reported awake bruxism and academic performance. However, in the future it is suggested to carry out a study with focus only on students with bruxism and with a larger sample of participants with low academic performance to confirm the association found between these variables.

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Published
2021-08-31
How to Cite
HUAÑEC-PAUCAR, Cynthia; AYMA-LEÓN, Valery; CABALLERO-GARCÍA, Stefany. Association between self-reported bruxism and academic performance in university students.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. 1-11, aug. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOralRes/article/view/joralres.2021.048>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.048.
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Articles