COVID-19 knowledge, attitude and awareness among preclinical and clinical dental students: An online-based cross-sectional survey.

  • Saqib Ali Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
  • Saman Tauqir Department of Physiology, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Beenish Fatima Alam Department of Oral Biology, Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Faraz Farooqi Department of Dental Education College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
  • Asim Mustafa Khan Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
  • Abdul Khabeer Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the understanding and perception of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the undergraduate preclinical and clinical dental students within Pakistan. Material and Methods: An online survey was developed by the researchers and conducted amongst the undergraduate students at various dental colleges of Pakistan. A pretested questionnaire was used and distributed using social media platforms. The questionnaire consisted of demographics, health status, perception related to general hygiene, understanding and learning attitudes of dental students. Knowledge scores and the attitude responses were compared with the demographics using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and chi-square, as appropriate. Results: A total of 800 undergraduate dental students responded to the survey, out of which 304(38%) were males and 496(62%) were female students. Students in pre-clinical years were 600(75%), while 200(25%) students were in the clinical years. The knowledge of clinical students regarding COVID-19 was statistically higher (4.71/6), compared to the students in pre-clinical years (4.49/6) (p=0.004). Both groups showed adequate knowledge regarding the route of transmission, symptoms and origin of COVID-19, and COVID-19 being a threat to life. Clinical students did not want to re-use the face mask (75%), compared to the preclinical students (68%) (p-0.048). Students in clinical years reported more awareness regarding the recommended hand washing technique during COVID-19 (p-<0.001). Conclusion: It can be concluded that dental students in clinical years have adequate knowledge regarding the COVID-19 as compared to the preclinical students. The study identifies all areas where preclinical and clinical students lack basic knowledge. This should be compensated by arranging different webinars and online courses to increase the understanding of both clinical and preclinical students during the pandemic.

References

1. BLu H, Stratton CW, Tang YW. Outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China: The mystery and the miracle. J Med Virol. 2020;92(4):401-2.
2. Ikhlaq A, Hunniya B-E, Riaz IB, Ijaz F. Awareness and Atti-tude of Undergraduate Medical Students towards 2019-novel Corona virus. Pakistan J Med Scien. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):S32.
3. Dave M, Seoudi N, Coulthard P. Urgent dental care for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet. 2020;395(10232):1257.
4. Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine. J Dent Res. 2020;99(5):481-7.
5. Neupane HC, Shrestha N, Adhikari S, Angadi S, Shrestha BK, Gauli B. Knowledge of Health Care Professionals and Medical Students Regarding Covid-19 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Nepal. J Nepal Med Assoc. 2020;58(227).
6. Ge ZY, Yang LM, Xia JJ, Fu XH, Zhang YZ. Possible aerosol transmission of COVID-19 and special precautions in dentistry. J Zhejiang University-SCIENCE B. 2020:1-8.
7. Xu J, Li Y, Gan F, Du Y, Yao Y. Salivary glands: potential reservoirs for COVID-19 asymptomatic infection. J Dent Res. 2020:0022034520918518.
8. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, Tamin A, Harcourt JL, Thornburg NJ, Gerber SI, Lloyd-Smith JO, de Wit E, Munster VJ. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(16):1564-1567.
9. Farooq I, Ali S, Moheet IA, AlHumaid J. COVID-19 outbreak, disruption of dental education, and the role of teledentistry. Pakistan J Med Scie. 2020;36(7): 1726-1731.
10. Modi PD, Nair G, Uppe A, Modi J, Tuppekar B, Gharpure AS, et al. COVID-19 awareness among healthcare students and professionals in Mumbai metropolitan region: a questionnaire-based survey. Cureus. 2020;12(4).
11. Ali S, Noreen S, Farooq I, Bugshan A, Vohra F. Risk Assessment of Healthcare Workers at the Frontline against COVID-19. Pakistan J Med Scien. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):S99.
12. Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception. Arch Iranian med. 2020;23(4):249-54.
13. Khasawneh AI, Humeidan AA, Alsulaiman JW, Bloukh S, Ramadan M, Al-Shatanawi TN, Awad HH, Hijazi WY, Al-Kammash KR, Obeidat N, Saleh T, Kheirallah KA. Medical Students and COVID-19: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Precautionary Measures. A Descriptive Study From Jordan. Front Public Health. 2020 ;8:253.
14. Khan MU, Shah S, Ahmad A, Fatokun O. Knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers about middle east respiratory syndrome in multispecialty hospitals of Qassim, Saudi Arabia. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1-7.
15. Zhong B-L, Luo W, Li H-M, Zhang Q-Q, Liu X-G, Li W-T, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745.
16. Baloran ET. Knowledge, Attitudes, Anxiety, and Coping Strategies of Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. J Loss and Trauma. 2020:1-8.
17. Jha N, Singh N, Bajracharya O, Manandhar T, Devkota P, Kafle S, Shankar PR. Knowledge about the COVID-19 pandemic among undergraduate medical and dental students in Lalitpur, Nepal. 2020.
18. Boyce JM, Pittet D. Guideline for hand hygiene in health-care settings: recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Am J Infect Cont. 2002;30(8):S1-S46.
19. Pittet D, Hugonnet S, Harbarth S, Mourouga P, Sauvan V, Touveneau S, Perneger TV. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene. Infection Control Programme. Lancet. 2000;356(9238):1307-12.
20. Gambhir RS, Dhaliwal JS, Aggarwal A, Anand S, Anand V, Bhangu AK. COVID-19: A survey on knowledge, awareness and hygiene practices among dental health professionals in an indian scenario. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2020:71.
21. Kamate SK, Sharma S, Thakar S, Srivastava D, Sengupta K, Hadi AJ, Chaudhary A, Joshi R, Dhanker K. Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of dental practitioners regarding the COVID-19 pandemic: A multinational study. Dent Med Probl. 2020;57(1):11-7.
Published
2021-08-25
How to Cite
ALI, Saqib et al. COVID-19 knowledge, attitude and awareness among preclinical and clinical dental students: An online-based cross-sectional survey.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 1-9, aug. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2021.026>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.026.
Section
Articles