Association between temporomandibular disorder and condylar position in a university population.

  • Anderson Vilchez-Chavez Escuela de Estomatología, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Perú.
  • Augusto Aguirre-Aguilar Escuela de Estomatología, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Perú.
  • Marcos J. Carruitero Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Perú.

Abstract

im: To determine the association between the level of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and the condylar position in a university population. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 41 university students between 18 and 27 years old (21±2.28). The level of TMD was determined using the Helkimo index modified by Maglione, whereas the condylar position was found radiographically by lateral scan. The association was evaluated using the Chi-square statistical test. Results: Statistically significant association was found between the TMD level and the condylar position in the female gender (p=0.003). The central condylar position was the most frequent in females (70.00%), while in males the highest frequency of condylar positions was posterior and anterior, 40.48% and 35.71% respectively. In mild TMD, the most frequent condylar position was central (46.34%), whilst non-centric positions were prevalent in moderate TMD, with 2.44%. There was no statistically significant association between the TMD level and the condylar position of the participants, nor in males (p>0.05). Conclusion: The TMD was associated with the condylar position in females of the university population studied, analyzed in lateral temporomandibular joint scans. Non-centric condylar positions were more frequent in the moderate TMD level and centric positions in mild TMD.

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Published
2021-08-25
How to Cite
VILCHEZ-CHAVEZ, Anderson; AGUIRRE-AGUILAR, Augusto; CARRUITERO, Marcos J.. Association between temporomandibular disorder and condylar position in a university population.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 1-6, aug. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2021.025>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.025.
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Articles