Prevalence of malocclusion and non-physiological oral habits in primary school Children from Ercilla, Chile.
AbstractIntroduction: Dentomaxillary Anomalies (DMA) affect the growth and morphology of the stomatognathic system of individuals, representing a public health problem. Few studies have described its prevalence among vulnerable populations in Chile. The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of DMA and its association to non-physiological habits (NFH) and sociodemographic characteristics among primary school children living in Ercilla, Chile. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of 327 primary school students from six schools in Ercilla, were assessed through an intraoral and extraoral evaluation. Overjet, overbite, molar relationship, presence of DMAs, and NFHs were measured. Descriptive statistics, analysis of association between DMAs and studied factors, and logistic regression models were done and odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals presented. Results: A total of 61.5% of students presented at least one DMA. Chi-square test showed no significant association between DMA prevalence and NHFs, however, after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, children with NFH were 1.69 (95%CI 1.02-2.78) times more likely to have DMAs. Gender and area of residence were not significantly associated with DMAs. Conclusion: In children from Ercilla, DMAs were associated with NFHs, however, sociodemographic characteristics did not have a significant role in the presence of DMA, suggesting that sociodemographic factors might not strongly influence orthodontic needs among children from this geographical area.
2. Vucic A, Dhamo B, Jaddoe VWV, wolvius E, Ongkosuwito E. Dental Develoment and craneofacial morphology in school-age children. Am J Orthod Orthop Dentofacial. 2019; 156(2): 229-237.
3. Doğramacı EJ, Rossi-Fedele G. Establishing the association between nonnutritive sucking behavior and malocclusions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Dent Assoc. 2016;147(12):926-934.
4. Zhou Z, Liu F, Shen S, Shang L, Shang L, Wang X. Prevalence of and factors affecting malocclusion in primary dentition among children in Xi’an, China. BMC Oral Health. 2016; 16(1):91.
5. Mercado S, Mamani L, Mercado J, Tapia R. Maloclusiones y calidad de vida en adolescentes. KIRU. 2018;15(2):94–98.
6. Federación Dental Internacional. El desafío de las enfermedades bucodentales-una llamada a la acción global. Atlas de Salud Bucodental. 2da edició. Myriad Editions,Ginebra; 2015.p. 34-40.
7. Alhammadi MS, Halboub E, Fayed MS, Labib A, El-Saaidi C. Global distribution of malocclusion traits: A systematic review. Dental Press J Orthod. 2018;23(6):40.e1-40.e10.
8. Cueto A, Skog F, Muñoz M, Espinoza S, Muñoz D, Martínez D. Prevalencia de Anomalías Dentomaxilares y Necesidad de Tratamiento en Adolescentes. Int J Odontostomatol. 2017;11(3):333–338.
9. Burgos D. Prevalencia de Maloclusiones en Niños y Adolescentes de 6 a 15 Años en Frutillar, Chile. Int J Odontostomat. 2014;8(1):13–19.
10. Vidal PS, Chichon CH. Determinación de la Necesidad de Tratamiento Ortodóntico en Niños con Dentición Mixta Primera Fase de la Ciudad de Temuco , IX Región , Chile.Int J Odontostomat.2009;3(2):155–161.
11. Machado S, Manzanares-Cespedes M, Ferreira-Moreira J, Ferreira-Pacheco J, Rompante P, Ustrell-Torrent JM. A sample of non-nutritive sucking habits (pacifier and digit) in portuguese children and its relation with the molar classes of angle. J Clin Exp Dent. 2018;10(12):e1161–e1166.
12. Paolantonio EG, Ludovici N, Saccomanno S, La Torre G, Grippaudo C. Association between oral habits, mouth breathing and malocclusion in Italian preschoolers. Eur J Paediatri Dent. 2019 20(3):204-208
13. Da Silva LC, Scudeler S, Vedovello M, De Castro M, Ambrosano G, Veroni V. Anxiety and oral habits as factors associated with malocclusion.CRANIO 2019;1-5
14. Majorana A, Bardellini E, Amadori F, Conti G, Polimeni A. Timetable for oral prevention in childhood—developing dentition and oral habits: a current opinion. Prog Orthod. 2015;16:39
15. Dhull K, Verma T, Dutta B. Prevalence of Deleterious Oral Habits among 3-to 5-year-old Preschool Children in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2018:11(3):210-213
16. Cartes-Velásquez R, Araya E, Valdés C. Maloclusiones y su Impacto Psicosocial en Estudiantes de un Liceo Intercultural. Int J Odontostomat. 2010;4(1):65–70.
17. Ercilla IM de. Actualización de plan de desarrollo comunal de Ercilla, periodo 2014 - 2020. Plan Desarro Comunal. 2014.
18. Instituto Nacional de Estadística INE. No Title [Internet]. Resultados CENSO 2017 por país, regiones y comunas. 2017.
19. Sundareswaran S, Kizhakool P. Prevalence and gender distribution of malocclusion among 13-15-year-old adoles-cents of Kerala, South India. India: Indian J Dent Res; 2019; 30(3): 455–461.
20. Peres M, Macpherson L, Weyant R, Daly B, Venturelli R, Mathur M, Listl S, Celeste R, Guarnizo-Herreño C, Kearns C, Benzian H, Allison P, Watt R. Oral diseases: a global public health challenge. Lancet. 2019;394(10194):249-260.
21. Mendoza L, Meléndez A, Ortiz R, Fernández. Prevalence of malocclusions associated with pernicious oral habits in a Mexican sample. Rev Mex Ortod. 2014;2(4):216–223.
22. Tiwari T, Jamieson L, Broughton J, Lawrence HP, Batliner TS, Arantes R, Albino J. Reducing Indigenous Oral Health Inequalities: A Review from 5 Nations. J Dent Res. 2018;97(8):869-877.
The copyright of all the articles published in the J Oral Res. belongs to the Universidad de Concepción, Chile. All information about theJ Oral Res. is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 and must be cited correctly.