Civil claims related to dental care in Chile according to court rulings 2011-2017.

  • Juan Villagra Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.
  • Valentina Zúñiga Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.
  • Javiera Macuada Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile.
  • Carlos Marchant Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile. Consejo Regional Valparaíso, Colegio de Cirujano Dentistas de Chile A.G, Chile
  • Carlos Muñoz Consejo Regional Valparaíso, Colegio de Cirujano Dentistas de Chile A.G, Chile. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile.

Abstract

Objective: To describe Civil Claims (CCs) related to the provision of dental care according to court rulings published on the website of the Chilean Judicial Power.  Material and methods: Descriptive study of 62 CCs filed against dentists or dental clinics according to court rulings available on the website of the Chilean Judicial Power between the years 2011 – 2017, identified by court rulings using a keyword search. Data were tabulated and analyzed using EXCEL and Stata.15, through descriptive statistics, proportions comparison test, and Spearman's Rho test. Results: An increase in the number of CCs according to the 2011-2017 court rulings was observed. CCs were filed on average 27.5 months after the events occurred. Judicial processes lasted a mean of 27 months, and the Araucanía region accounted for the highest rate. The highest number of lawsuits were placed against male general dentists with a mean age of 44, filed by female patients with a mean age of 46. A total of 66.13% of the CCs were rejected by the court, and 33.87% were ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. The financial compensation claims reached an average of $37,751,516 CLP (1500.32 Chilean UF), approximately $47,000 USD as of the date of the data collection process. Conclusion: There is an upward trend in the filing of CCs in Chile, although most were rejected by the court. A better understanding of the reasons that lead to the legal processes is necessary to prevent their occurrence.

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Published
2020-11-30
How to Cite
VILLAGRA, Juan et al. Civil claims related to dental care in Chile according to court rulings 2011-2017.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 5, p. 363-371, nov. 2020. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2020.077>. Date accessed: 16 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2020.077.
Section
Articles