Caries and genetic variability of Streptococcus mutans.

  • Fabiana P. M. Carletto-Körber Cátedra de Odontopediatría A, Fac. de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Noelia S. Vera Cátedra de Genética de Poblaciones y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Lila Susana Cornejo Equipo de investigación interdisciplinaria Promoción de salud Contextualizada (PROCON), Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Raúl E. González-Ittig Cátedra de Genética de Poblaciones y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina./Instituto de Diversidad y Ecología Animal (IDEA), CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.


In the last two decades, the increase in population genetics studies has contributed to elucidating important questions about the evolution of the pathogenesis of bacteria of clinical interest. The objective of this study is to revise and update the knowledge of the last fifteen years regarding the genetic variability of Streptococcus mutans and their association with dental caries. Streptococcus mutans, one of the most widely distributed bacteria in the world, are heavily associated with this condition. This research shows the results of numerous studies carried out in various countries that, using molecular and biochemical methods, revealed associations between different serotypes and caries activity. In addition, it is reported that the population genetics structure of Streptococcus mutans in Argentina is highly recombinant, which reflects the largest waves of human immigration that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. On the other hand, demographic analysis suggests that these bacteria experienced a population expansion that coincided with the beginning of agricultural development.


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How to Cite
CARLETTO-KÖRBER, Fabiana P. M. et al. Caries and genetic variability of Streptococcus mutans.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], p. 39-48, july 2020. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 30 july 2021. doi: