Transcultural adaptation of the WHO Oral Health Questionnaire and its validation in Chilean children.

  • Juan Pablo Villalobos Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile.
  • Alfredo Cueto Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile.
  • Sebastián Espinoza Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile.

Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: The last edition of the WHO "Oral Health Questionnaire for Children" was published in 2013. This is an only-English version, and as such it requires linguistic adaptation and validation to be applied in the Chilean population. Objectives: To translate and adapt the WHO Oral Health Questionnaire for Children to Spanish and validate it in a Chilean population. Methods: A translation and back translation of the original instrument from English to Spanish was carried out by four translators. The questionnaire was self-reported as a pilot test in ten individuals. A sample was subsequently selected for convenience taking into account the population distribution, resulting in a final sample of 103 individuals. The internal consistency was calculated with Cronbach's alpha, criterion validity with Pearson's correlation coefficient and construct validity with Exploratory Factor Analysis. Results: A conceptual and semantic equivalence of the instrument was obtained. Women and men accounted for 43.69% and 56.31% of the sample, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.62, while criterion validity was slightly positive between the total dimensions and the DMFT (r=0.13, p-value= 0.20). The Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded a total of 11 factors that explain 70% of the variability in the data. Conclusions: The oral health questionnaire has been appropriately adapted to Spanish, having conceptual as well as semantic equivalence to the original version, being reliable and valid to be used in a population of 12-year-old Chilean children.

References

1. Martínez J. Epidemiological surveillance in and with the community: an effective way of health promotion. Rev Med Electrón. 2015;37(5):416–7.
2. Noguer I, Alonso JP, Arteagoitiac JM, Astray J, Canoa R, de Pedro J, Gutiérrez G, Hervadaf X, Margolles M, Nicolau A, Núnez D, Pollána M, Ramos JM, Sierra MJ, Vanoclochal H. Vigilancia en salud pública: una necesidad inaplazable. Gac Sanit. 2017;31(4):283–5.
3. World Health Organization (WHO) Oral health surveys: basic methods. 5th Ed. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2013.
4. Camacho-Sandoval J. Coeficiente de concordancia para variables continuas. Acta Méd Costarric. 2008;50(4):211–12.
5. Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas de Chile (INE) Estadísticas Demográficas y vitales. 1a Ed. Chile: INE; 2015.
6. Chaurasia A, Patil R, Nagar A. Miswak in oral cavity - An update. J Oral Biol Craniofac Res. 2013;3(2):98–101.
7. Ministerio de Educación(MINEDUC) Sección "Etapas Educativas". Chile: Mineduc; 2017.
8. Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (BCN) Chile Nuestro País. Chile: BCN; 2017.
9. Hernandez SS, da Silva R. [Estimators of internal consistency in health research: the use of the alpha coefficient]. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2015;32(1):129–38.
10. Soler Cárdenas SF, Soler Pons L. The usage of the Cronbach Coefficient alpha in the Analysis of the Written Instruments. Rev Méd Electrón. 2012;34(1):1–6.
11. İnal H, Yilmaz Koğar E, Demİrdüzen E, Gelbal S. Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha: A Meta-Analysis Study. Hacet Üniv Eğit Fak derg. 2017;32(1):18–32.
12. Merino Soto C, Lautenschlager GJ. Comparación Estadística de la Confiabilidad Alfa de Cronbach: Aplicaciones en la Medición Educacional y Psicológica. Rev Psicol UCH. 2003;12(2):127–36.
13. Guerra F, Tsakos G, Corridore D, Nardi GM, Di Giorgio G, Di Tanna GL, Ottolenghi L. Prevalence of oral impacts and validity of the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP): pilot study of 10-11 year-old children in Italy. Senses Sci. 2014;1:18–23.
14. Martínez-Gómez D, Martínez-de-Haro V, Pozo T, Welk GJ, Villagra A, Calle ME, Marcos A, Veiga OL. Rev Esp Salud Pública. 2009;83(3):427–39.
15. Braccialli LMP, Almeida VS, Sankako AN, Silva MZ, Braccialli AC, Carvalho SMR, Magalhães AT. Translation and validation of the Brazilian version of the Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children – child report. J Pediatr. 2016;92(2):143–8.
16. Ruiz Bolívar C. Confiabilidad. Programa Interinstitucional Doctorado en Educación. Venezuela: Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador; 2009.
17. Hernández Sampieri R, Fernández Collado C, Baptista Lucio M. Metodología de la investigación. 6th Ed. México: Mc Graw Hill; 2014.
18. Aravena PC, Moraga J, Cartes-Velásquez R, Manterola C. Validez y Confiabilidad en Investigación Odontológica. Int J Odontostomat. 2014;8(1):69–75.
19. Haller DM, Meynard A, Pejic D, Sredic A, Huseinagic S, Courvoisier DS, Perone N, Sanci LA, Narring F. YFHS-WHO+ Questionnaire: validation of a measure of youth-friendly primary care services. J Adolesc Health. 2012;51(5):422–30.
20. Ministerio de Salud (Minsal) Guía de Práctica Clínica No GES Salud Oral en Adolescentes de 10 a 19 años. Prevención, Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de Caries. 1st Ed. Chile: Minsal; 2013.
21. Garbin CA, Soares GB, Dócusse GF, Garbin AJ, Arcieri RM. Oral health education in school: Parents′ attitudes and prevalence of caries in children. Rev Odontol UNESP. 2015;44:285–91.
22. Kumar S, Tadakamadla J, Kroon J, Johnson NW. Impact of parent-related factors on dental caries in the permanent dentition of 6-12-year-old children: A systematic review. J Dent. 2016;46:1–11.
23. Alcaina MA, Cortés O, Galera MD, Guzmán Pina S, Canteras M. Caries dental: influencia de los hábitos de higiene bucodental y de alimentación en niños en edad escolar. Acta Pediatr Esp. 2016;74(10):246–52.
24. Cianetti S, Lombardo G, Lupatelli E, Rossi G, Abraha I, Pagano S, Paglia L. Dental caries, parents educational level, family income and dental service attendance among children in Italy. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2017;18(1):15–8.
25. Ministerio de Salud. Determinantes sociales y ambientales para el desarrollo de los niños y niñas desde el período del embarazo hasta los 5 añosDiagnóstico Nacional de Salud Bucal del Adolescente de 12 años y Evaluación del Grado de Cumplimiento de los Objetivos Sanitarios de Salud Bucal 2000-2010. Chile: Minsal; 2007.
26. Lloret-Segura S, Ferreres-Traver A, Hernández-Baeza A, Tomás-Marco I. El análisis factorial exploratorio de los ítems: una guía práctica, revisada y actualizada. Anales de Psicología. 2014;30(3):1151–69.
Published
2018-05-25
How to Cite
VILLALOBOS, Juan Pablo; CUETO, Alfredo; ESPINOZA, Sebastián. Transcultural adaptation of the WHO Oral Health Questionnaire and its validation in Chilean children.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 5, p. 178-184, may 2018. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <https://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2018.045>. Date accessed: 03 aug. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2018.045.
Section
Articles

Keywords

validity; surveys and questionnaires; mass screening; oral health.