Cost-Benefit Analysis of Drinking Water Fluoridation in 12-year-old Children in the Biobío Region, Chile.

  • Camilo Ulloa Depto Estomatología Quirúrgica, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.
  • Catherine de la Puente Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
  • Fernando Rojas Servicio de Salud Talcahuano, Talcahuano, Chile.
  • Sofía Irigoyen Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.
  • Raúl Flores-Cartes Depto de Prevención y Salud Pública, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.

Abstract

Fluoridation has been shown to be an effective measure against caries in children. The present study evaluates the cost-benefit of the fluoridated water program for the reduction of dental caries in 12-year-old children in the Biobío Region, the only region in Chile that has not implemented this program. An economic cost-benefit evaluation was carried out, comparing two alternative interventions: non-fluoridated drinking water versus fluoridated drinking water. The prevalence of caries, direct and indirect costs of the treatments, the cost of implementing the programs and the benefits of both interventions were estimated. From this study it is concluded that the savings in oral health costs in 12-year-old children when using fluoridating drinking water in the Biobío region is significantly higher than the cost involved in implementing the water fluoridation program, resulting in total savings for the Chilean state of $129,861,645 (USD$ 152,833) as well as an estimated reduction of 15% in the history of caries in the study population.

Author Biography

Camilo Ulloa, Depto Estomatología Quirúrgica, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.
Interim Editor -in- Chief

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Published
2021-02-24
How to Cite
ULLOA, Camilo et al. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Drinking Water Fluoridation in 12-year-old Children in the Biobío Region, Chile.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 1-10, feb. 2021. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2021.003>. Date accessed: 18 may 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2021.003.