Evaluation of serum and salivary transforming growth factor beta, vascular endothelial growth factor and tumor necrosis factor alpha in oral lichen planus.

  • Amira Abdelwhab Abdelghaffar Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.| October 6 University, Giza, Egypt.
  • Mahmoud Mohamed Kandeel Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Hala Hassan Yassin October 6 University, Giza, Egypt
  • Wesam Abdelmonem Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Olfat Gamil Shaker Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt


Introduction: Lichen planus is one of the most common oral mucosal lesions. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF- β) has a marked effect on epithelial–mesenchymal transition and immune cells function. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mediates T-lymphocyte homing and apoptosis of epithelial cells. Objetive: The present study was conducted in order to compare the expression of serum and salivary TGF- β, VEGF, TNF-α between OLP patients and control individuals to investigate if saliva can be used as an alternative to serum for diagnostic purposes and for monitoring disease. Materials and Methods: 23 OLP patients and 23 control individuals were included to evaluate serum and salivary TGF-β, VEGF, TNF-α using ELISA kits. Five milliliters of venous blood was collected and unstimulated saliva was collected by the spitting method. Results: Serum and salivary levels of TGF- β, VEGF, TNF-α are higher in OLP patients compared to normal controls. Mean difference is higher in saliva than serum. Moreover, there was a significant difference in serum and salivary VEGF and TNF-α between symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Conclusions: Saliva can be a used as a substitute for serum to evaluate levels of the assessed biomarkers.


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How to Cite
ABDELGHAFFAR, Amira Abdelwhab et al. Evaluation of serum and salivary transforming growth factor beta, vascular endothelial growth factor and tumor necrosis factor alpha in oral lichen planus.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 86-92, apr. 2020. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2020.012>. Date accessed: 15 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2020.012.