Correlation between self-perception of need for orthodontic treatment in pregnant women and the perception of oral health professionals.

Zulma A. Rodriguez-Tarma, Marcos J. Carruitero


Objective: To determine the correlation between the self-perception of need for orthodontic treatment in pregnant women and the perception of oral health professionals. Material and methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 30 pregnant women, whose self-perception of the need for orthodontic treatment was assessed through the aesthetic component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). A panel of oral health professionals (OHP) composed by a dental surgeon and an orthodontist also evaluated the aesthetic perception for each pregnant woman, independently, using the same method. The correlation between the IOTN scores was evaluated using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and the resulting correlations were compared by the Eid-Gollwitzer-Schnmidt significance of correlations test. Results: A moderate-positive, statistically significant correlation was found between the IOTN of the pregnant women and those of the dental surgeon (0.507, p=0.004) and of the orthodontist (0.451, p=0.013). Between the dental surgeon and the orthodontist, the correlation was very high-positive and statistically significant (0.957, p<0.001). The OHP panel reported greater correlation than those involving the pregnant women (p<0.001). Conclusion: the perception of pregnant women of the need for orthodontic treatment increased moderately similar to the perception of the OHP. The pregnant women showed less consistency in their perception than the OHP, demonstrating low awareness of need for orthodontic treatment by pregnant women.


Correlación entre la autopercepción de la necesidad de tratamiento de ortodoncia en mujeres embarazadas y la percepción de los profesionales de la salud oral.

Objetivo: determinar la correlación entre la autopercepción de la necesidad de tratamiento de ortodoncia en mujeres embarazadas y la percepción de los profesionales de la salud bucal. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal con una muestra de 30 mujeres embarazadas, cuya autopercepción de la necesidad de un tratamiento de ortodoncia se evaluó a través del componente estético del Índice de Necesidad de Tratamiento de Ortodoncia (IOTN). Un panel de profesionales de la salud bucal (OHP) compuesto por un cirujano dental y un ortodoncista también evaluó la percepción estética de cada mujer embarazada, de forma independiente, utilizando el mismo método. La correlación entre las puntuaciones de IOTN se evaluó utilizando el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y las correlaciones resultantes se compararon mediante la prueba de correlación de significancia de Eid-Gollwitzer-Schnmidt. Resultados: Se encontró una correlación estadísticamente significativa moderadamente positiva entre la IOTN de las mujeres embarazadas y las del cirujano dental (0.507, p=0.004) y del ortodoncista (0.451, p=0.013). Entre el cirujano dental y el ortodoncista, la correlación fue muy positiva y estadísticamente significativa (0.957, p<0.001). El panel de OHP informó una mayor correlación que las que involucran a las mujeres embarazadas (p<0,001). Conclusión: la percepción de las mujeres embarazadas de la necesidad de un tratamiento de ortodoncia aumentó moderadamente similar a la percepción del OHP. Las mujeres embarazadas mostraron menos consistencia en su percepción que el OHP, lo que demuestra una baja conciencia de la necesidad de un tratamiento de ortodoncia por parte de las mujeres embarazadas.


self perception; orthodontics, index of orthodontic treatment need; pregnancy.Autopercepción ortodoncia, índice de necesidad de tratamiento ortodóntico; embarazo.


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