Oropharyngeal cancer mortality according to the human development index in the Metropolitan Region of Chile, 2002-2014.

  • Vicente Livacic Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Andrés Bello. Santiago.
  • José Tomás Grez Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Andrés Bello. Santiago.
  • Jorge Candia Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Andrés Bello. Santiago.
  • Alejandra Fernandez Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Andrés Bello. Santiago.

Abstract

To determine mortality rates for oropharyngeal cancer according to the Human Development Index (HDI) per district in the Metropolitan Region (RM), Santiago, Chile, between 2002 and 2014. Materials and Methods: An ecological study was carried out. The sample corresponded to individuals over 45 years, from the Metropolitan Region, with oropharyngeal cancer as cause of death, as registered in the Chilean National Institute of Statistics (INE). The HDI was classified into three categories: “medium” (8 districts), “high” (18 districts) and “very high” (25 districts). The crude and adjusted mortality rates were calculated for each year and period. Results: The oropharyngeal cancer adjusted mortality rate for the chosen period was 3.98 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. The specific mortality rate from oropharyngeal cancer in the “medium” HDI category was 4.01; in the “high” DHI category, 4.42; and in the “very high” HDI category, 3.79. Conclusion: Mortality from oropharyngeal cancer was higher in the “medium” HDI category between 2002 and 2014.

References

1. Stewart BW, Wild CP, World Health Organization. World Cancer Report 2014. World Cancer Reports. 2nd Ed. Lyon: IARC Publications; 2014.
2. van Dijk BA, Brands MT, Geurts SM, Merkx MA, Roodenburg JL. Trends in oral cavity cancer incidence, mortality, survival and treatment in the Netherlands. Int J Cancer. 2016;139(3):574–83.
3. Santelices Ch MJ, Cárcamo I M, Brenner A C, Montes F R. [Oral cancer: Review of the Chilean literature] Rev Med Chil. 2016;144(6):758–66.
4. MIDEPLAN; PNUD, Chile. Las trayectorias del desarrollo humano en las comunas de Chile (1994-2003). Nº 11 Temas de Desarrollo Humano Sustentable. Santiago, Chile: MIDEPLAN; 2015.
5. Riera P, Martínez B. [Morbidity and mortality for oral and pharyngeal cancer in Chile] Rev Med Chil. 2005;133(5):555–63.
6. Shridhar K, Rajaraman P, Koyande S, Parikh PM, Chaturvedi P, Dhillon PK, Dikshit RP. Trends in mouth cancer incidence in Mumbai, India (1995-2009): An age-period-cohort analysis. Cancer Epidemiol. 2016;42:66–71.
7. Li R, Koch WM, Fakhry C, Gourin CG. Distinct epidemiologic characteristics of oral tongue cancer patients. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;148(5):792–6.
8. Browne J. [Are the consultant strategy and health objectives aligned with the reality of population ageing?] Rev Med Chil. 2015;143(10):1356–7.
9. Siakholak FR, Ghoncheh M, Pakzad R, Gandomani HS, Ghorat F, Salehiniya H. Epidemiology, incidence and mortality of oral cavity and lips cancer and their relationship with the human development index in the world. Biomed Res Ther. 2016;3(10):872–88.
10. Auluck A, Walker BB, Hislop G, Lear SA, Schuurman N, Rosin M. Population-based incidence trends of oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancers by sex among the poorest and underprivileged populations. BMC Cancer. 2014;14:316.
Published
2018-01-15
How to Cite
LIVACIC, Vicente et al. Oropharyngeal cancer mortality according to the human development index in the Metropolitan Region of Chile, 2002-2014.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 20-23, jan. 2018. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2018.003>. Date accessed: 25 may 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2018.003.
Section
Communications

Keywords

oropharyngeal cancer, epidemiology, mortality, socioeconomic status.