Dimension and morphology of the mandibular condyle in class i patients in cone beam computed tomography.

  • Carmen Bustamante Escuela de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.
  • Vanessa Labrín Escuela de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.
  • Leslie Casas-Apayco Escuela de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.
  • Hugo Ghersi Escuela de Odontología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.

Abstract

To evaluate the anterior-posterior (A-P)/medial-lateral (M-L) dimension, and morphology of the mandibular condyle in patients aged 18 to 65 years with Class I skeletal pattern on Cone Beam CT scans. Materials and Methods: Seventy one scans were evaluated using RealScan 2.0 software. The dimension was determined by points A (most anterior in the sagittal plane), P (most posterior in the sagittal plane), M (most interior in the coronal plane), L (most exterior in the coronal plane). The morphology of the condyle was evaluated in two coronal and sagittal planes, being classified as: round, flat, convex or mixed. The size of the condyle was analyzed by descriptive statistics and the morphology by frequency distribution. For the bivariate analysis, the Student's t-test was applied. Results: Measurements were obtained for the A-P diameter of the right condyle (RC) (8.72mm ± 1.25mm) and the left condylar (LC) (8.50mm ± 1.50mm), the M-L diameter of the RC (19.24mm ± 2.03mm) and the LC (18.97mm ± 1.87mm). There were significant differences in the male M-L dimension of the LC compared to the female (p=0.002). The most prevalent morphology of RC (35.21) and IQ (23.94) in the coronal plane was round. Conclusion: The A-P dimension of the right and left condyle is similar in both genders; however, there are differences in the M-L dimension of the left male condyle. The most prevalent morphology of the right and left condyle was round in the sagittal plane with the exception of the coronal plane. 

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Published
2020-02-28
How to Cite
BUSTAMANTE, Carmen et al. Dimension and morphology of the mandibular condyle in class i patients in cone beam computed tomography.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 14-20, feb. 2020. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/joralres.2020.003>. Date accessed: 03 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/joralres.2020.003.
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Articles