FTIR and SEM of a novel chemical conditioning on the zirconia intaglio surface.

  • Ma’an M. Nayif University of Mosul, College of Dentistry, Operative Department, Iraq
  • Nadia H. Hasan University of Mosul, College of Dentistry, Operative Department, Iraq.
  • Amer A. Taqa Basic Science Department, Dentistry College, Mosul University, Iraq.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate chemical and topographical changes in the intaglio zirconia surface induced by chemical conditioning solutions using FTIR and SEM analysis. Material and method: twelve plates for each FTIR and SEM tests from each zirconia materials (UPCERA HT White,  BruxZir® Solid Zirconia, and Copran® Multilayer), milled by a Yenadent CAD/CAM system, sintered and divided randomly into a three groups. A different surface conditioning was applied to the intaglio surface of each group: 30% hydrogen peroxide, 30% citric acid and control group. Result and discussion: by using of the FTIR spectroscopy, an evidence of new bands formation appeared at 1637cm-1 and 3352cm-1 due to the high oxidizing effect of hydrogen peroxide, and at 630cm-1 and 1663cm-1 due to the chelating action of citric acid, and  simultaneously, SEM assessment of the surface topography took place, to identify lines, scratches, or surface dissociation that appeared on the intaglio zirconia surface after conditioning. Conclusion: such analysis provides an enhancement of new convenient, less expensive, reliable trials to improve micro-bond strength of luting cement to Y-TZP ceramics.


1. Heuer AH, Lange FF, Swain MV, Evans AG. Transformation toughening: An overview. J Am Ceram Soc. 1986;69(3):1-4.
2. Ruyte EI, Vajeeston N, Knarvang T, Kvam K. A novel etching technique for surface treatment of zirconia ceramics to improve adhesion of resin-based luting cements. Acta Biomater Odontol Scand. 2017; 3(1): 36–46.
3. Camacho GB, Vinha D, Panzeri H, Nonaka T, Gonçalves M. Surface Roughness of a Dental Ceramic After Polishing with Different Vehicles and Diamond Pastes. Braz Dent J. 2006; 17(3).
4. El-Bediwi AB, Ebrahim RH, Abdelrazek AF. Microstructure, surface properties and antimicrobial effectiveness of filtek and ceramic materials .MSAIJ. 2016;14(10):377-87.
5. Fujioka Y. Infrared Emission Spectroscopy and Its Application to Analyze Non-smooth Metallic Materials Surface. Nippon steel technical report No. 100 July 2011.
6. Thuy NT, Minh DL. Size Effect on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nanosized Perovskite LaFeO3 Prepared by Different Methods. Adv Mat Sci. Engin. 2012; 19:1-6.
7. Hasegawa T. Fundamentals of FT-IR Chapter in book: Quantitative Infrared Spectroscopy for Understanding of a Condensed Matter, 2017.
8. Hedzeleka W, Wachowiakb R, Marcinkowskaa A, Domka L. Infrared Spectroscopic Identification of Chosen Dental Materials and Natural Teeth. Acta Physica Polonica. 2008; 114 (2):471-84.
9. Hosseini MH. Etemadi A, Gorjizadeh F. Zirconia Surface Treatment by Different Output Powers of Er: YAG Laser and Sandblasting: SEM Evaluation. Iran J Ortho. 2016:In press:e 7267.
10. Fumiyuki T, Kazuhiko F, Tomomi K, Takenori T, Yasushi N, Yasunori T, Nobuaki O. Ligand Exchange Reactions of a Monomeric Zirconium Carbonate Complex with Carboxylic Acids Studied by Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure, UV Absorption and Raman Spectrophotometry. Anal Scie. 2017; 33:1008-12.
How to Cite
NAYIF, Ma’an M.; HASAN, Nadia H.; TAQA, Amer A.. FTIR and SEM of a novel chemical conditioning on the zirconia intaglio surface.. Journal of Oral Research, [S.l.], p. 19-23, aug. 2019. ISSN 0719-2479. Available at: <http://joralres.com/index.php/JOR/article/view/829>. Date accessed: 03 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.17126/jor.v1i1.829.

Most read articles by the same author(s)